Dr. Berg's Foot Facts

Posts for tag: heel spurs

By Dr. Rion Berg
April 29, 2016
Category: Heel pain
Tags: heel spurs  

As a runner you are very likely acquainted with heel pain, even if you've never been diagnosed with it yourself. You may have heard the term "heel spur" used simultaneously with heel pain and you've wondered if heel spurs in runners are the same as heel pain or plantar fasciitis. I'm here to tell you they are not the same, but heel spurs can result from plantar fasciitis or Achilles tendonitis. Let's take a look at the difference.

Heel pain is one of the most common problems I see in my office. And it's a very frequent problem for runners. Heel pain occurs because the fascia that runs from the bottom of the heel to the front of the foot gets overstretched. When this overstretching happens time after time from running or other activities the point at which the fascia inserts into the heel becomes inflamed and painful.

A heel spur or bone growth can occur in response to the micro-tears that occur with persistent plantar fasciitis. As calcium deposits build up at the location where the tears are trying to repairs themselves the spur forms. Heel spurs do not cause pain but will show up as a result of all that reconstruction going on in your heel. They are more common in runners and other athletes due to the repetitive pounding on pavement and other surfaces.

What Can Be Done?

The solution is to get treated for the plantar fasciitis. Treatments include the following:

Reduce the inflammation

To start the healing process it's essential to reduce the inflammation causing the heel pain. More traditional treatments include icing, taking an anti-inflammatory medication, getting a cortisone injection, and taking a break from running. While these treatments work, they often take a long time and they don't heal the problem. Our newest treatment, the MLS laser therapy, starts to reduce pain after the first visit and penetrates deep into the tissue stimulating regeneration and healing at the cellular level.

Reduce tight calf muscles and the Achilles tendon

Often, part of the problem for runners with heel pain is tight calf muscles or Achilles tendon. Stretching using a splint for 30 minutes each day is one of the best ways I've found for reducing the problem. Once the plantar fasciitis has healed, runners should use a dynamic warm-up to keep injuries at bay.

Find a runner's shoe store

Shoes can make all the difference when it comes to keeping plantar fasciitis and resulting heel spurs at bay. Finding a runner's shoe store where the employees are well trained in fitting running shoes is ideal. Here are more tips for "Buying Running Shoes".

Inserts or orthotics

Before going to see a Seattle podiatrist try the most recommended shoe insert by podiatrists, Powersteps. If these reduce your pain significantly, great. But the truth is if you have a bone spur you most likely have a more severe case of plantar fasciitis; you're going to need prescriptive or custom orthotics.

If you want to end heel pain fast, call us today at 206-368-7000 for an appointment, often same day. You can also request an appointment online.

Get our free foot book "No More Foot Pain", mailed directly to your home.

Seattle foot and ankle specialist, Dr. Rion Berg offers foot care for patients with bunions, heel pain, diabetes, fungal toenails, ingrown nails, and surgical solutions when needed to residents of Seattle, Bellevue, Kirkland, Shoreline, Lake Forest Park, Mountlake Terrace, Lynnwood and other surrounding suburbs.

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By Dr. Robyn W. Paloian
August 12, 2014
Category: Heel pain
Tags: heel spurs   bone spurs  

Although that foot bump on your foot may not be pretty, you’re probably more concerned about the pain it causes, particularly when you wear shoes.  

So what is that bump anyway?  A bone spur, or osteophyte, can occur on top of your foot and other locations and can cause quite a bit of pain. Bone spurs occur most commonly near a joint and are often the result of osteoarthritis. But bone spurs can also be caused by too much rubbing, pressure, or stress from a tight ligament or tendon, causing the bone to overproduce in an effort to repair itself.  

Sometimes osteophytes go undetected for years, depending on their location. It’s often not until we experience pain from the spur that it is diagnosed, when our doctor visualizes it on an X-ray.

Heel spurs are osteophytes on the bottom or back of the calcaneus, or heel bone. These result from a conditions such as plantar fasciitis or Achilles tendonitis,  in which additional stress is placed on the plantar fascia ligament or Achilles tendon.  The bone can actually grow in response to the tight ligament or tendon, as the microtears in these structures repair themselves.

Other common causes of bone spurs include running and other sports activities, obesity, and poorly fitted shoes that cause friction on the top of the foot or at the heel.

Treatment of bone spurs depend on the location of the spur and can include supportive shoes, cushioning pads, orthotics and surgery.  

To find out more about that painful bump, call Dr. Rion Berg’s office at 206-368-7000 or request an appointment online.


 

By Dr. Rion Berg
June 16, 2014
Category: Heel pain

You may not be the leader of the free world but you may be just like Obama when it comes to having painful feet. Obama’s most recent physical exam was stellar except for recurrent plantar fasciitis in his right foot. The President doesn’t just sit behind his desk. He spends a lot of time on his feet giving speeches, walking the length of the White House, and working out daily in his gym. His health report mentions use of Ibuprofen for his heel pain but we don’t know if he’s tried other treatments.

You’ve likely tried ibuprofen as well. Although ibuprofen is a great anti-inflammatory it’s only one small tool in an entire armory of methods that are usually needed to reduce the pain and eliminate plantar fasciitis. You may play basketball like Obama, are a runner, or play other sports. If so you’re at greater risk for developing heel pain and heel spurs--both conditions that can flare up when the body can’t tolerate the pounding and repetitive movement from physical activities.

So what else can be done to get rid of the pain?

After all like Obama you work out because of the tremendous health benefits and also because you feel so great as a result. You don’t want to stop your workout because of the stubborn foot pain.

Fortunately, there are many more avenues to ending foot pain than using ibuprofen that can greatly reduce the amount of time you need to spend off your feet. A comprehensive approach to treating plantar fasciitis usually includes several of the following: reduction of inflammation, resolution of calf tightness, improving foot mechanics, wearing the right shoes, and referral to physical therapy.

Home treatments to try include: icing (to reduce inflammation), taping (reduces pull on the plantar fascia), and stretching the calf muscle.

For more information about our comprehensive heel pain program at the Foot and Ankle Center of Lake City, visit our website or call us at 206-368-7000. You can request an appointment online.

By By Rion A. Bertg, DPM
March 29, 2011
Category: foot care

 

Up to 10% of the population suffers from heel pain, plantar fasciitis. Millions of dollars are spent per year in health care to resolve this problem. Many common treatments including cortisone injections, physical therapy, orthotics, and surgery are available, but the advantages of one over the other are not necessarily proven in randomized studies.

I’ve been in practice for thirty years, and I continue to utilize the latest techniques in resolving heel pain. My heel pain patients in Seattle are happily running, walking, skiing and enjoying the active lifestyle the Northwest offers. I continue to hope that some of these techniques will resolve your heel pain faster, with less down time, and provide more lasting relief.

Speaking of lifestyles, with the passing of the infamous, Elizabeth Taylor, passes a time when high heels are required as part of the work "uniform" for women. Save the stillettos for evening. To keep your feet happy and healthy in the long term, wear lower heels with work attire and consider a dress flat to wear with slacks.
 



1.   So what is plantar fasciitis?

  • It is the inflammation of the attachment of a long flat ligament, the plantar fascia, at it’s attachment to the heel or along its course to the base of your toes.
  • It becomes inflamed when it is over pulled from the heel to the toes. If the process continues it pulls on the bone and a spur can develop.

2.  What are the most important factors contributing to heel pain?

Self Assessment

Your Weight             Overweight?  Yes     No
Your Work                Prolonged Standing?  Yes     No
Your Play                  Runner?  Mileage/wk  _____ Court Sports______ Other___________
Your Foot Type        Flatfoot?  Yes    No    Very High Arches   Yes      No
Your Shoes              Slip On?  Yes    No     Stable?    Yes    No   

                                    Stable = Bends at ball, not in the middle
                                                  and doesn't twist easily from side to side

Barefoot/stocking feet/house slippers at home?   Yes     No

3.  Where do you start when it comes to treatment?

Begin by being honest with yourself and deciding how long you have been having your heel pain.  1-4 weeks, 1-3 months, 3-6 months, 1 year or longer

What is your pain level on a scale of 0-10?

Divide this up_______AM pain level

_______During the day

_______Pain only at end of day

_______Pain during athletic activities

_______Pain when you are off your feet

4. First Steps to Self Help
 

Don’t go barefoot/slippers at home

If you have a house rule of no shoes, buy Crocs for in house only

 

For acute pain >6/10, short duration

(1-4weeks) with no Hx of injury

Begin icing ten minutes/day, if tolerant and no GI issues/or other contraindications, oral anti-inflammatory per your physician’s recommendation

 

Check your shoes for stability

Generally an athletic shoe with slight heel is preferred. Remove insole of the shoe and replace with a good OTC support such as Powerstep or Superfeet

 

Before rising

Stretch your calf, flexing your ankle 20 reps, stretching against the wall.

 

Runners

Stop running until symptoms are subsiding.

 

Heel pain can prevent you from enjoying your dailing life as well as leisure time at the parks and urban trails we have right here in Lake City, Shoreline, Ravenna and Kenmore. Take care of your feet and get outside to enjoy the beginning of Spring!

If you have signs of heel pain, call us today for an appointment at 206-368-7000 or request an appointment online.

 

 

 

 

 

 

By Rion A. Berg, DPM
March 22, 2011
Category: Uncategorized

Spring often brings hope and sometimes the motivation towards improved health through exercise. For those who enjoy exercising in a group, (and who enjoy dancing), aerobic dancing can be a great choice to help you get in shape. Aerobic classes have been around for over 30 years and are offered in many locations in and around Seattle.

Aerobic dancing is a workout set to music, usually for about an hour, following a specific routine to warm up, peak heart rate and cool down. The benefits of aerobics are multiple – strengthening heart and lungs, lowering cholesterol levels and decreasing stress. Unless they are designed as “low impact,” most aerobic programs are quite strenuous.

If you have never taken an aerobics class or have been away a long time, it's a good idea to have an exam to assess the risk of injury to your feet.

Take Care Of Your Feet!

Impact forces from aerobics can reach up to six times the force of gravity, which is transmitted to each of the 26 bones in the foot. 

Proper shoes are crucial to successful, injury-free aerobics. Shoes should provide sufficient cushioning and shock absorption to compensate for pressure on the foot many times greater than found in walking. They must also have good medial-lateral (side-to-side) stability.

If your ankles turn inward or outward too much (e.g., excess pronation or supination) you may want to call the Foot and Ankle Center of Lake City about custom orthotics, custom because they will be designed for your feet and correct problems that could contribute to an injury.

Don’t be tempted to wear your running shoes for aerobic exercise. Running shoes lack the necessary lateral stability and lift the heel too high to be considered acceptable for aerobics.

Prevention of Injuries

Injuries from aerobics usually result from improper shoes, surfaces, or routines, and overuse of muscles through too vigorous a regimen. Take classes from a certified instructor and give yourself time to learn the program correctly. If you can, start at a low-impact level and work your way up as you become fit and more confident of the routine.

If you exercise at home with a video, be very careful. Read the label to determine whether the video is produced by certified aerobics instructors and whether you can handle the degree of impact. While it's safe to do low-to-moderate impact aerobics on the living room carpet, that's not a proper surface for high-impact routines.

Don't under estimate the importance of the cool-off period. It burns off lactic acid (which makes muscles feel tired) and adrenalin, while keeping blood from pooling in the extremities.

The Pain Factor

If you feel pain in your feet, stop. Don't attempt to exercise through pain, or you may aggravate an acute injury into a chronic or even permanent one. If you continue to be bothered by pain in your feet or ankles for more than 24 hours after exercising, contact our office for an appointment.

Common Aerobics Injuries

Plantar fasciitis (arch pain) -- Arch pain is often caused by frequent stress on the plantar aspect, or bottom of the foot, in an aerobics routine.

Heel spurs -- Heel spur syndrome, related to plantar fasciitis, occurs after calcium deposits build up on the underside of the heel bone.   

 

Sesamoiditis --. Incredible forces are exerted on the sesamoid bones during aerobics, and inflammation and fractures can occur. Proper shoe selection and custom orthotic devices can help avoid sesamoiditis.

Stress fractures -- Probably the most common injuries to aerobics instructors, stress fractures are caused by poor shoe selection, hard surfaces, and overuse. When swelling and pain surface, call for an appointment. X-ray evaluation and early treatment can prevent a disabling injury.

The Bottom Line

Remember, foot pain is not normal, so don't ignore it. Chances are, a successful aerobics regimen will bring out the body you've always dreamed of, and a better feeling about yourself both physically and mentally!

By Rion Berg, DPM

Please visit our on-line library for more information on keeping your feet happy and healthy!